How do I change the default installation paths?

Paths to where NFD is installed can be configured during ./waf configure:

  • Installation prefix (default /usr/local):

    ./waf configure --prefix=/usr
  • Location of NFD configuration file (default: ${prefix}/etc):

    ./waf configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc
  • Location of manpages (default: ${prefix}/share/man):

    ./waf configure --prefix=/usr --sysconfdir=/etc --mandir=/usr/share/man

See ./waf configure --help for the full list of options.

How do I use the NDN PPA repository on Ubuntu Linux?

Please see Install NFD on Ubuntu Linux using the NDN PPA repository.

How do I run NFD as a non-root user?

How do I configure automatic privilege dropping?

NFD can be configured to drop privileges whenever possible. You can specify a user and/or group for NFD to change its effective user/group ID to in the general section of the configuration file. For example:

  user nobody
  group nogroup

will configure NFD to drop its effective user and group IDs to nobody and nogroup, respectively.


IMPORTANT: NFD may regain elevated privileges as needed during normal execution. Dropping privileges in this manner should not be considered a security mechanism (a compromised NFD that was started as root can trivially return to root). However, reducing privileges may limit any damage caused by well intentioned, but buggy, code.

How do I enable Ethernet face support?

The ether configuration file section contains settings for Ethernet faces and channels. These settings will NOT work without root or without setting the appropriate permissions.

  • On Ubuntu:

    sudo apt install libcap2-bin
    sudo setcap cap_net_raw,cap_net_admin=eip /path/to/nfd
  • On macOS:

    curl https://bugs.wireshark.org/bugzilla/attachment.cgi?id=3373 -o ChmodBPF.tar.gz
    tar zxvf ChmodBPF.tar.gz
    open ChmodBPF/Install\ ChmodBPF.app

    or manually:

    sudo chgrp admin /dev/bpf*
    sudo chmod g+rw /dev/bpf*

How do I enable UDP multicast support in multi-homed Linux machines?

The udp configuration file section contains settings for unicast and multicast UDP faces. If the Linux machine is equipped with multiple network interfaces with multicast capabilities, the settings for multicast faces will NOT work without root or without setting the appropriate permissions:

sudo setcap cap_net_raw=eip /path/to/nfd

How do I configure NFD security?


The sample configuration file for NFD allows any user to manage faces, FIB, RIB, CS, and strategy choices of the local NFD instance. The following procedure can be used to restrict certain operations to certain users.

More extensive documentation on the security mechanisms in NFD, as well as the available options to configure its trust model, is currently in preparation.

Many management components in NFD use Command Interests (e.g., FIB modification, face creation/destruction, etc.), which require an NDN certificate (either self-signed for local trust or delegated from a trusted authority).

If you do not already have an NDN certificate, you can generate one using the following procedure.

Generating and installing a self-signed identity certificate:

ndnsec key-gen /$(whoami) | ndnsec cert-install -

Note that the argument to ndnsec key-gen will be the identity name of the new key (in this case, /your-username). Identity names are hierarchical NDN names and may have multiple components (e.g. /ndn/ucla/edu/alice). You may create additional keys and identities as needed.

Exporting the NDN certificate to a file:

The following commands assume that you have not modified PREFIX or SYSCONFDIR. If you have, please substitute the appropriate path in place of /usr/local/etc.

sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/ndn/keys
ndnsec cert-dump -i /$(whoami) > default.ndncert
sudo mv default.ndncert /usr/local/etc/ndn/keys/default.ndncert